Mobile Health Screenings

Detecting Risk of Diseases through Voice Recordings

Avinav Goel
5 min read


In recent years, researchers have been exploring the fascinating world of voice biomarkers, a field that harnesses the power of vocal characteristics to detect and monitor various diseases. Our voice carries a wealth of information, and advancements in technology and machine learning have opened new avenues for using voice recordings as a non-invasive diagnostic tool. In this blog post, we will delve into the realm of disease detection through voice analysis, exploring its principles, potential applications, and related accuracy levels.

What are voice biomarkers?

Voice biomarkers refer to specific patterns, characteristics, and changes in vocal signals that are associated with various physiological and pathological conditions. By analyzing these biomarkers, experts can gain insights into a person's health status, detect early signs of diseases, and monitor the progression or response to treatment.

How Does Voice Biomarker Analysis Work?

The main steps for voice biomarker analysis are the following:

  1. Voice Recording: The process begins with capturing voice recordings using digital devices or smartphones. These recordings can be obtained in controlled environments or through mobile applications.
  2. Feature Extraction: Advanced algorithms extract specific features from the voice recordings, such as pitch, volume, tempo, spectral characteristics, articulation, and emotional patterns. These features serve as the basis for further analysis.
  3. Machine Learning Analysis: Machine learning techniques are applied to the extracted features to identify patterns and correlations between vocal characteristics and specific diseases or health conditions. Models are trained using large datasets to classify and predict the signs or progression of diseases.

Diseases Detectable through Voice Biomarkers and Related Accuracy Levels

Diseases Detectable through Voice Biomarkers and Related Accuracy Levels:

  1. Parkinson's Disease: Voice biomarkers can aid in detecting early-stage Parkinson's disease. The vocal characteristics of individuals with Parkinson's exhibit distinct tremor, reduced vocal loudness, and changes in speech rhythm. Studies have shown promising results with accuracy levels ranging from approximately 80% to 95% in detecting Parkinson's disease using voice biomarkers.
  2. Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia: Voice analysis techniques can assist in the early detection and monitoring of Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. Vocal features such as speech rate, pauses, and intonation patterns can exhibit changes associated with cognitive decline. While accuracy levels may vary, studies have reported accuracies ranging from around 75% to 95% in detecting Alzheimer's disease through voice biomarkers.
  3. Depression and Mental Health Disorders: Voice recordings can provide valuable insights into mental health conditions. Changes in vocal tone, pitch variability, and speech patterns have been correlated with depression and other mental health disorders. Accuracy levels for detecting depression using voice biomarkers have been reported in the range of approximately 70% to 90%.
  4. Respiratory Conditions: Voice analysis has shown potential in detecting respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Abnormalities in vocal characteristics, such as increased breathiness or changes in airflow patterns, can be indicative of respiratory disorders. Accuracy levels for detecting respiratory conditions using voice biomarkers have been reported in the range of approximately 70% to 90% (e.g. COPD, Asthma, Covid). However, many conditions are still being explored, and further research is needed to establish their robustness.


Voice biomarkers present a fascinating frontier in healthcare, enabling non-invasive and accessible methods for disease detection and monitoring. By analyzing vocal characteristics, advanced algorithms, and machine learning techniques offer insights into conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, depression, and respiratory disorders. While accuracy levels vary depending on the disease and the specific algorithm employed, voice biomarkers hold strong potential for early detection and health risk assessment.

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